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I. THE BEGINNING OF THE HISTORY OF KOREA

 

1. Life and Culture in the Prehistoric Age

 

2. Foundation and Development of Kojoson

2. Foundation and Development of Kojoson

(1) The Founding of the Nation by Tan'gun and the Development of Kojoson

Kojoson was the first country formed in Korea and was based on the Bronze culture. Kojoson's patriarch was referred to as Tan'gun Wanggom. In Samguk yusa, he is described as the son born between the son of God, Hwanung, and a woman incarnated from a bear. He established the kingdom of Kojoson in 2333 B.C. It is thought that this myth alludes to the formation of a patriarchal state through the union of separate tribes with different clans. Kojoson first developed with the Liaoning district as its center. Thus, Kojoson gradually rose as a center of the East. Then, around the 4th century B.C., as it faced the Yan nation of China across its borders, it began to struggle for supremacy.

 

(2) Introduction of the Iron Culture and Changes in Kojoson

The Iron culture was introduced around 4 B.C. By that time, China was in the confusion of the Warring States Period and some of the Korean ancestors in the Shandong peninsula and in the northeast moved back to Kojoson. They used iron tools and weapons. Wiman, the leader of these immigrants, drove out King Chun of Kojoson in the early 2nd century B.C. and became king. Later, Kojoson's influence spread to occupy many of its surrounding territories. However, the nation was confronted with aggression from Han China, which ensued into a year-long battle, and its capital Wanggom-song fell to the enemy. Kojoson's long history thus came to an end.

 

A bronze sculpture portraying farmers in the field

  

 

3. Other Nations

II. THE GROWTH OF THE THREE KINGDOMS AND UNIFICATION

 

 1. The Rise and Development of the Kingdoms

 

2. Unification of the Three Kingdoms By Shilla

 

3. The Societies and Culture of the Kingdoms

 

4. The Inroads into Foreign Nations by the Three Kingdoms and Cultural Exchange

III. UNIFIED SHILLA AND PARHAE

 

1. Development and Decline of Unified Shilla

 

2. Founding of Parhae and Its Domination over Manchuria

 

3. Prosperity of the Shilla Culture

 

4. Advances in Sea Trade Overseas

IV. LIFE IN KORYO

 

1. National Reunification and Safeguarding Independence

 

2. Development within the Koryo Culture

 

3. International Activities of the Koryo People

V. LIFE IN EARLY-CHOSON

 

1. Political Development and Society

 

2. Scholastic Activities, Science, Technology and Culture

 

3. International Relations and Cultural Exchanges

VI. LIFE IN LATE-CHOSON

 

1. Social Change in the Latter Choson Period

 

2. New Trends in Cultural Activities

 

3. International Exchanges and New Trends in Religion

VII. THE GROWTH AND TRIBULATIONS OF MODERN KOREA

 

1. Modern Reform Movements

 

2. Economic Aggression by World Powers and the Movement to Protect

 

3. Growth of Modern Culture and Social Change

VIII. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LIBERATION MOVEMENT

 

1. Colonial Domination by Japanese Imperialism and the National Ordeal

 

2. Movement to Protect National Rights and the Independence Struggle

 

3. Safeguarding and Preserving the National Culture

IX. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA AND MODERN CULTURE

 

1. Birth and Growth of the Republic of Korea

 

2. Economic Growth and Inroads Overseas

 

3. A Flourishing Modern Culture

 

Korea is a proud country with a unique culture and tradition that are over 5,000 years old. Yet results of various surveys indicate that many people around the world do not have a correct understanding of the country's history, and information in this area has been relatively scarce. The purpose of this source is to address the inaccuracies or distortions foreigners may have in their knowledge of the history of Korea.

History of Korea is co-published by Radio Korea International of KBS and the National Institute for International Education Development under the Ministry of Education & Human Resources Development of Korea.

VANK has the permission on the use of History of Korea from the two organizations mentioned above.

Radio Korea International of KBS  http://rki.kbs.co.kr



History of Korea covers the history of Korea from its beginning to the year 1995.
If you want to know about modern Korea, please visit PRKOREA TIMES website

PRKOREA TIMES

PRKOREA TIMES is an online newspaper that is run by VANK (Voluntary Agency Network of Korea) members.
It was first started in March 2003 to share meaningful stories with the rest of the world.

The first beginning was small. But now many teachers and students from many overseas countries are visiting PRKOREA TIMES website to understand Korea.

As a Korea understanding gateway, PRKOREA TIMES is widely used in many overseas classes.

You can share the pen pal stories as well as unforgettable stories of your friends who already experienced Korea.
There are also traditional & modern photos of Korea, Korean food information, culture stories and so on.
It will be a very useful online guide to experience modern Korea.

http://times.prkorea.com
 

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