Historical Sites following the traces of Yi Sun-shin


Hyeonchungsa■ Hyeonchungsa Shrine in Asan
The Hyeonchungsa Shrine was built in 1706 to commemorate Admiral Yi Sun-shin. It displays many relics of Yi, including Nanjung Ilgi (Yi’s war diary) and Imjin Jangcho (Yi’s war report). The old house where Yi spent his childhood and youth is preserved within this shrine. It is located in Yeomchi-eup, Asan-si, Chungcheongnam-do. His grave is also located in Eumbong-myeon in the same city of Asan.

Jinnamgwan■ Yeosu Jinnamgwan
The Yeosu Jinnamgwan was a guesthouse (official residence) that belonged to the naval headquarters of the eastern part of Jeollado province during the Joseon Dynasty. At the time that General Yi Sun-shin used this site as his headquarters there was a watchtower called Jinhaeru. Later in 1718, the watchtower was renovated by General Yi Je-myeon because the original building was burned down during the Imjin War. It was designated as National Treasure No. 304 in 2001. It is located in Gunja-dong, Yeosu-si, Jeollanam-do.

Seonso■ Historical Site of Yeocheon Seonso in Yeosu
The Yeocheon Seonso was a dockyard where General Yi Sun-shin hired the shipbuilding engineer Na Dae-yong as his lieutenant, and constructed the Geobukseon or turtle ship. The remains of Gulgang (a pond used to hide the Geobukseon) still exist. It was designated as Historical Site No. 392 in 1995. It is located in Sijeon-dong, Yeosu-si, Jeollanam-do.

■ Okpo Great Victory Commemorative Park
The Okpo Great Victory Commemorative Park was opened in 1996 to celebrate Korea’s first victory over Japan during the Imjin War and to commemorate the spirit of the leading commander Yi Sun-shin. It displays a map of the Okpo battle and other remains. It is located in Okpo 2-dong, Geoje-si, Gyeongsangnam-do.

■ Danghangpo National Tourist Resort Complex
The Danghangpo National Tourist Resort Complex was opened in 1987 to commemorate Yi’s two naval victories at Danghangpo in 1592 and 1594. Within the complex are the Songchungsa shrine that houses the portrait of Yi, the Monument of the Danghangpo Victory, and other remains. It is located in Danghang-ri, Hoehwa-myeon, Goseong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do.

■ Korea Naval Academy Museum
The Korea Naval Academy Museum was established in 1976 to educate naval cadets, naval officers, and other visitors about the history and traditions of the Korean Navy. Its exhibitions include documentary records and other relics of Yi, and a replica of the original Geobukseon battleship. The replica of the Geobukseon was constructed in 1980 by the Korean Navy following historical evidence. Visitors are allowed to enter and see the inside of the Geobukseon. It is located within the R.O.K. Naval Academy, Aenggok-dong, Jinhae-si, Gyeongsangnam-do.

■ Hallyeohaesang Marine National Park
The Hallyeohaesang Marine National Park consists of a waterway between Yeosu and Tongyeong as well as parts of the southern coastal regions including Namhaedo and Geojedo. This area encompasses many historical sites of Yi Sun-shin. Among these are Hansando (the location of Yi’s naval headquarters), Odongdo (the location of the drilling ground of Yi’s navy), the Chungnyeolsa Shrine (the memorial shrine for Yi), and several of Yi’s battle sites.

jeseungdang■ Historical Site of Jeseungdang in Hansando
The Jeseungdang was the site of the head office where Yi Sun-shin discussed naval tactics and strategies with his generals. While he was stationed there as Commander-in-Chief of the Naval Force of the South it was called ‘Unjudang’. However, the Unjudang was destroyed in 1597 during the Imjin War and renovated in 1739. It was designated as Historical Site No. 113 in 1959. It is located in Dueok-ri, Hansan-myeon, Tongyeong-si, Gyeongsangnam-do.

jeseungdang■ Archery Field in Hansando
The archery field in Hansando is the only archery field in Korea with water between the archer and the target. The design shows the creative genius of Yi Sun-shin. He recognized that it was much harder to hit a target over water than on land due to the difficulty in judging distance. To solve this problem he thought of this unique setting and trained his soldiers there.

■ Myeongnyangdaecheopbi Monument & Jindo Bridge
The Myeongnyangdaecheopbi is a monument to commemorate the triumph at the battle of Myeongnyang. The Korean Navy under Yi Sun-shin won a great victory in the Myeongnyang Strait over hundreds of Japanese ships with only thirteen Korean battleships. The monument was designated as National Treasure No. 503 in 1969. It is located in Hakdong-ri, Munnae-myeon, Haenam-gun, Jeollanam-do. The Jindo Bridge is a bridge over the Strait built in 1984.

■ Chungmusa Shrine in Myodangdo Island
The Chungmusa Shrine was built on Myodangdo Island to commemorate Admiral Yi Sun-shin. Yi was laid there for about 80 days after his death at the battle of Noryang. Myodangdo Island is attached to Gogeumdo Island, the site of Yi’s last naval headquarters. It is located in Deokdong-ri, Gogeum-myeon, Wando-gun, Jeollanam-do.

chungnyeolsa■ Chungnyeolsa Shrine in Tongyeong
The Chungnyeolsa Shrine was built in 1606 to commemorate Yi Sun-shin’s achievements. Successive Naval Commander-in-Chiefs would perform a sacrificial rite twice a year in the spring and fall. This shrine possesses the monument of Yi and twenty nine gravestones of later naval commanders. It is also known as a depository of the eight presents to Yi from the Wanli Emperor of the Ming Dynasty (National Treasure No. 440). The shrine was designated as Historical Site No. 236 in 1973. It is located in Myeongjeong-dong, Tongyeong-si, Gyeongsangnam-do.

* References

1. Books
- Nanjungilgi, War diary of Admiral Yi Sun-shin, Song Chan-seop(2007)/Seohaemunjip
- Nanjungilgi, War diary of Admiral Yi Sun-shin , Roh Seung-seok(2005)/The Dong-A Ilbo
- Learn from CEO Yi Sun-shin, Kim Deok-su / Million House(2004)
- Yi Sun-shin and Imjin War(2007)/The society for the research of Yi Sun-shin/Bibong
- EnCyber & EnCyber.com

-The Great Admiral Yi Sun-shin/Hyeonchungsa Shrine in Asan: http://www.e-sunshin.com/